Historical Context and Map Description

1885 Map of Saybrook Point

In 1885, Chester A. Arthur was the 21st President of the United States, succeeding James A. Garfield following the death of the 20th President on September 19, 1881 at age 49 (Garfield was shot on July 2, 1881 and died a little over two months later). President Arthur was known, among other things, for instituting the first general Federal imigration law in 1882 which excluded "paupers, criminals and lunatics" from entry into the US.

A close look at the 1885 U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey map reveals numerous interesting features. See if you can pick out more than the following:

Comparision of 1838 and 1885 Maps

When the 1838 and 1885 maps are compared, an interesting difference can be seen in the angle of College Street as it passes from west to east in front of the cemetery. Also note the difference in the angle of Cromwell Street as it enters College Street just east of Cypress Cemetery. The fact that College Street appears to be located further north in the 1838 map would potentially explain why some of the original gravesites, including that of Matthew Griswold, may be located under the paved portion of College Street and not within the present boundary of the property.